Culture represents values, rules and traditions, which affect the way a community thinks, interacts, behaves and perceives the world.
Also known as inter-cultural competence, is the person’s ability to interact effectively and develop healthy relationships with people from different cultural backgrounds by raising empathic awareness and cultivating cognitive, emotional and communication skills.
it is the process that leads to the acquisition of cultural competence through research methodologies
(e.g. questionnaires). It helps the person to reflect on his self-consciousness, and the characteristics of each culture he comes into contact with.
Cultural intelligence (CQ)
evaluates how people from different cultural backgrounds cooperate, with the acceptance that
all people regardless of age can develop skills and practices, that render them culturally intelligent. Development of CQ leads to the reduction of social exclusion and mutual understanding.
The “CQ” is calculated by examining criteria such us:
– human’s inner desire to find out different cultures,
– understanding of cultural differences, someone may get in touch with,
– sense of flexibility,
– behaviour towards people with different cultural backgrounds.
The Parallelism of culture with an iceberg:
If the culture of society was an iceberg, there would be some visible aspects, above the water, but there is a larger section hidden under the surface.
oThe external, or conscious, part of the culture: what we can see, the tip of the iceberg, includes the behavior and some beliefs.
oThe internal, or subconscious, part of the culture: it’s below the surface of society, includes some of the beliefs and values and thought patterns that define our behavior.
oThere are significant differences between conscious and subconscious culture.
Necessary elements for the acquisition of CC: